Nitronic 60: Composition, Properties (Hardness & Galling), Machinability, Equivalent, Nitronic 60 vs 316/304


The Nitronic 60 has become a popular choice in industries such as aerospace, automotive, petrochemical, medical devices, and other sectors due to its unique properties and performance under challenging conditions. This article will provide a comprehensive introduction to Nitronic 60 stainless steel material, including its chemical composition, properties (hardness, density, machinability, yield strength, etc.), equivalent, CNC machining, applications, and comparisons with 316 and other stainless steel materials.

What is Nitronic 60 Material?

Nitronic 60, known by UNS S21800, is a nitrogen-alloyed austenitic stainless steel. Its official trade name is Nitronic 60, and it is sometimes also called 21CN-22Mn-5. It was developed by Allegheny Ludlum (now ATI Allegheny Ludlum) to provide better corrosion resistance than traditional 300 series stainless steels, while maintaining the good formability and weldability of austenitic stainless steels.

Nitronic 60 Chemical Composition

The chemical composition is key to Nitronic60’s properties. According to search results, the chemical composition of Nitronic60 typically includes:

The addition of nitrogen helps to increase strength and corrosion resistance, while reducing the tendency for intergranular corrosion.

Nitronic 60 Physical Properties

The physical properties of Nitronic60 are as follows

Nitronic 60 Mechanical Properties

The typical mechanical properties of Nitronic60 are as follows:

Nitronic 60 Key Advantages (Hardness, Yield Strength, Galling)

Nitronic 60 is called the hardest material mainly due to its outstanding properties: Yield strength, galling, corrosion resistance, etc. These traits make Nitronic 60 an excellent choice for specialized applications where regular stainless steel might falter. So we would like to discuss them in more detail here:

Hardness of Nitronic 60

The hardness of Nitronic 60 can vary based on the heat treatment and working conditions it undergoes. Typically, in the annealed condition, the hardness of Nitronic 60 is around:

– Rockwell B Hardness: Approximately 95 HRB

– Brinell Hardness: Approximately 170-200 HB

Hardness can be increased through cold working and strain hardening.

Yield Strength of Nitronic 60

The yield strength of Nitronic 60 is also dependent on the form and treatment of the steel. Generally, in the annealed condition, the yield strength is:

Yield Strength (0.2% offset): Approximately 50,000 – 60,000 psi (345 – 415 MPa)

This strength can be higher in cold-worked conditions, with yield strengths that can exceed these typical values.

Galling Resistance of Nitronic 60

One of the most significant properties of Nitronic 60 is its resistance to galling. Galling is a form of wear caused by adhesion between sliding surfaces. Nitronic 60 exhibits exceptional anti-galling properties, making it highly suitable for applications where metal-to-metal wear is a concern, such as:

This resistance is due to its unique chemical composition, particularly the higher silicon and manganese content, which enhances the material’s self-lubricity and hardness.

Corrosion Resistance of Nitronic 60

Another feature that makes Nitronic 60 stainless steel a high-performance material is its superior corrosion resistance. It can withstand erosion from corrosive media such as acids, bases and chlorides, making it highly useful in chemical, marine and pharmaceutical industries. This property extends the material’s lifespan, reducing maintenance and replacement needs and lowering costs.

High Temperature Stability of Nitronic 60

Nitronic 60 stainless steel performs excellently in high temperature environments, retaining its material properties. This makes it an ideal choice for high temperature applications such as heat exchangers, furnace fixtures and gas turbine components. Its high temperature stability means it can maintain strength and performance even at extreme temperatures, which is crucially important for many engineering applications.

Nitronic 60 Machinability

The machinability of Nitronic 60 is similar to that of conventional austenitic stainless steels, but due to its higher hardness, sharper tools or lower cutting speeds may be required.Anwayits machinability isstillexcellentin terms of the following parts:

CNC Machining Nitronic 60

Machining Nitronic 60 can be challenging due to its hardness and work-hardening properties. Here are some insights from our experience with this material:

1. Preparing for Machining

Before machining, it’s crucial to set up the material correctly. For instance, if machining a part that is 2.356 inches long, extending the material to about 2.75 inches from the chuck allows ample space for the tooling without risk of collision.

2. Machining Parameters

Early experiences with Nitronic 60 required cautious speeds around 175-200 surface feet per minute (SFM). However, with advancements in tooling technology and technique adjustments, speeds can now reach 400-500 SFM, allowing for more efficient machining without compromising the integrity of the part.

3. Drilling and Finishing

Lowering the SFM during drilling (e.g., to about 350 SFM) helps in managing the heat and wear on the inserts. For finishing operations such as creating specific diameters or threadings, precise adjustments and checks are necessary to ensure the specifications are met. For example, a finishing pass might reduce by about 15 thousandths of an inch to achieve the desired diameter, ensuring tool pressure remains consistent for quality results.

4. Quality Control

After machining, it is crucial to inspect the part using appropriate tools, such as ring gauges for threads and micrometers for internal diameters. These inspections help confirm that the parts meet the tight geometric dimensioning and tolerancing (GD&T) requirements.

5. Second Operation (Op2)

For parts requiring tight tolerances, additional operations are often necessary. For instance, ensuring that the features machined in the first operation align perfectly with those in the second operation requires precise setup and real-time adjustments based on measurements.

6. Final Steps

After completing the machining processes, including drilling, threading, and boring, final inspections are crucial. These might include using a Coordinate Measuring Machine (CMM) to verify dimensions and ensure that the part meets all specified tolerances.

Nitronic 60 Applications

Given its mechanical properties and resistance to galling, Nitronic 60 is used in a variety of industrial products and applications including:

High Temperature Resistance: Nitronic 60 exhibits good performance in high-temperature environments, making it suitable for critical components in aviation engines and spacecraft.

Wear Resistance: In high-wear areas of aircraft, such as landing gear and bearings, Nitronic 60 is the preferred material due to its excellent wear resistance.

Corrosion Resistance: The corrosion resistance of Nitronic 60 is particularly important when handling corrosive substances such as hydrogen sulfide.

Applications: Used in the manufacture of valves, pumps, and pipelines during oil and gas extraction and processing, especially in offshore platforms and high-sulfur environments.

Biocompatibility: The biocompatibility of Nitronic 60 makes it suitable for manufacturing medical devices, such as surgical tools and implants.

Wear Resistance: Its wear resistance plays an important role in manufacturing medical equipment that needs to maintain precision and functionality over time.

High-Strength Components: Nitronic 60 is used to manufacture high-stress automotive parts, such as gears and shafts.

Wear and Corrosion Resistance: These properties make Nitronic 60 an ideal material choice in automotive engines and exhaust systems.

Corrosion Resistance and Hygiene: When processing acidic and alkaline foods, the corrosion resistance of Nitronic 60 ensures long-term stability and hygiene safety of the equipment.

Research and Innovation: Scientists are researching how to further enhance the performance of Nitronic 60 through fine-tuning of alloy compositions and advanced heat treatment processes.

New Application Areas: As technology advances, Nitronic 60 may find applications in more emerging fields, such as in renewable energy technologies and high-tech industries.

Nitronic 60 Products (Parts)

Here are some of the main products and forms in which Nitronic 60 is typically available:

Nitronic 60 Equivalent Materials

While there are no exact equivalents to Nitronic 60 due to its unique composition and properties, there are several other materials with similar characteristics that might be considered depending on the specific requirements of the application:

  1. AISI 316 Stainless Steel: While not as wear-resistant as Nitronic 60, AISI 316 offers good corrosion resistance and is widely used in the chemical and marine industries. It is more readily available and could be considered for less demanding applications.
  2. 17-4 PH Stainless Steel: This is a martensitic precipitation-hardening stainless steel that provides an excellent combination of high strength, good corrosion resistance, and good mechanical properties at temperatures up to 600°F (316°C).
  3. AISI 304 Stainless Steel: Similar to AISI 316 but generally less resistant to corrosion. It is another commonly used austenitic stainless steel.
  4. Duplex Stainless Steel (e.g., 2205): This offers higher strength and better corrosion resistance than most standard austenitic grades like 304 and 316. It could be a viable alternative in environments where strength and corrosion resistance are paramount.
  5. Custom 450 and Custom 455: These are martensitic stainless steels that have been age-hardened. They offer good corrosion resistance and high strength with excellent toughness.

Nitronic 60 vs 304/360 Stainless Steel, Differences Between Them

Nitronic 60 is an austenitic stainless steel known for its superior strength and excellent resistance to wear and galling, compared to other stainless steels like 304 and 316. Here’s a detailed comparison of Nitronic 60 with these and other commonly used stainless steels:

Nitronic 60 vs. 304 Stainless Steel

Nitronic 60 vs. 316 Stainless Steel

General Comparison with Other Stainless Steels

Overall, Nitronic 60 offers benefits that standard stainless steels cannot match. This makes it particularly valuable in industries such as aerospace, naval, automotive, and any sector requiring reliable performance in harsh conditions. If you are looking for high quaity Nitronic 60 Machined Parts, contact us now!