80CrV2 Steel vs 1095 Steel: Differences in Composition, Properties, Use, Price & More


Steel is the backbone of modern industry and plays a pivotal role in the manufacturing of tools and blades. Among the various types of steel, 80CrV2 and 1095 are two prominent grades known for their distinctive properties and applications. Today, CNCLATHING experts discuss with you the characteristics, applications, and differences between these two steel types, helping you decide which might be better suited for specific uses.

1. What is 1095 Steel?

​1095 steel is a high carbon steel that contains approximately 0.95% to 1.03% carbon, making it one of the most carbon-rich steels in the 10XX series. It also includes minor amounts of manganese, phosphorus, and sulfur. This steel is known for its simplicity and high carbon content, which significantly enhances its hardness and edge retention capabilities.

1095 Steel Composition

The primary components of 1095 steel include:

1095 Steel Mechanical Properties

1095 Steel Advantages & Disadvantages

1095 Steel Applications

1095 steel is frequently used in making large chopping knives, traditional European hunting knives, and military knives like the famous KA-BAR knife used during World War II. Here are some common applications of 1095 steel in the current industry:

Is 1095 Steel Suitable for Making Knives?

Absolutely. The toughness and hardness make 1095 an ideal choice for combat knives and outdoor tools. It has been used in famous applications like the KA-BAR military knife.

2. What is 80CrV2 Steel?

80CrV2 steel is often considered a reinforced version of 5160 steel, incorporating elements like chromium and vanadium into its composition, which enhances its overall performance. It is a high-carbon steel recognized for its toughness and abrasion resistance.

80CrV2 Steel Composition

This steel includes a mix of:

80CrV2 Steel Mechanical Properties

80CrV2 Steel Advantages & Disadvantages

80CrV2 Steel Applications

80CrV2 is used extensively in tool manufacturing, mechanical engineering, the automotive industry, and even in aerospace and marine engineering due to its robust properties. Here are some common applications of 80CrV2 steel in current industry:

Is 80CrV2 Steel Suitable for Making Knives?

Yes, its properties make it an excellent choice for durable knives that are expected to endure heavy use, such as tactical and survival knives.

3. 80CrV2 Steel vs 1095 Steel: Which is Better?

80CrV2 steel and 1095 steel are two commonly used high-carbon tool steels, and they have some significant differences in chemical composition, performance characteristics, and application fields:

Composition Comparison

Mechanical Properties Comparison

Application Comparison

4. Differences Between 80CrV2 Steel and 1095 Steel

Let’s sum up the table comparing 80CrV2 steel and 1095 steel:

Property80CrV2 Steel1095 Steel
Composition1.8-2.1% C, 0.8-1.1% Cr, 0.3% V0.95% C, 0.2-0.3% Si, 0.4-0.6% Mn
Hardness (HRC)55-6256-60
Yield Strength (MPa)1200-1600241-483 (annealed), 800+ (heat treated)
Tensile Strength (MPa)1500-1800550-650 (annealed), 900-1000 (heat treated)
Ductility (% elongation)15-2020-30 (annealed), 12-15 (heat treated)
Fatigue Strength @ 10^7 cycles (MPa)600-800275-413 (annealed)
Impact Toughness (Joules)15-3027-37 (annealed), 15-25 (heat treated)
Wear ResistanceVery GoodVery Good (when heat treated)
ApplicationsGears, dies, wear partsCutlery, tools, hardware, agricultural equipment

5. 80CrV2 Steel vs. 1095 Steel: Which One to Choose?

Choosing between 80CrV2 steel and 1095 steel primarily depends on the specific requirements of the tools or products you plan to manufacture with the material. Here are recommendations based on different applications:

If you need to manufacture the following types of tools or products:

If your needs are more inclined towards:

Choose 1095 steel: If your main requirement is extreme sharpness and cutting performance, and you do not mind performing additional maintenance to keep the tools in optimal condition.

Choose 80CrV2 steel: If you need a material that is more durable, has good impact resistance, and is relatively easy to maintain, especially in outdoor or harsh conditions.

The final choice should be based on the specific application requirements and the specific circumstances of the individual or project. We hope this information helps you make the appropriate choice!