What Are Threaded Rods – Threaded Rod Materials, Strength, Types & Threaded Rod vs Lead Screw


Today we are going to talk about threaded rods including the materials, strength characteristics, types, and differences between threaded rods (stud) vs lead screws.

What Are Threaded Rods?

Threaded rods, also known as studs or all-thread rods, are long, straight metal rods with threads along their entire length. They are commonly made from materials such as steel, stainless steel, brass, or aluminum and are often used in construction, manufacturing, and other industries for a variety of applications. The threads on the rod allow it to be screwed into a nut, coupling, or other threaded components, providing a secure connection to other materials or structures. Threaded rods can also be used as hangers or supports for pipes, electrical conduits, and other equipment or as anchor bolts to secure structures to a foundation. Threaded rods come in a variety of standard sizes and lengths, and the threads can be in various shapes and pitches


What materials are commonly used to make threaded rods?

– Steel: Steel threaded rods are the most commonly used type and are known for their strength, durability, and cost-effectiveness. Steel threaded rods can be made from low-carbon steel, medium-carbon steel, or high-carbon alloys and can be coated with zinc, black oxide, or other coatings for corrosion resistance.

– Stainless steel: Stainless steel threaded rods are ideal for applications that require high resistance to corrosion, heat, and chemicals. Common stainless steel grades used for threaded rods include 304, 316, and 17-4 PH.

– Aluminum: Aluminum threaded rods are lightweight, corrosion-resistant, and electrically conductive. They are commonly used in construction, electronics, and automotive applications.

– Brass: Brass threaded rods are resistant to corrosion and have good electrical conductivity. They are often used in applications such as fasteners, plumbing, and electrical components.


Strength of Threaded Rods

– Tensile strength: the maximum load that a threaded rod can withstand before it breaks or fractures. It is typically measured in pounds per square inch (psi) or megapascals (MPa). The tensile strength of a threaded rod is affected by factors such as the material, diameter, and length of the rod. For example, a steel threaded rod with a diameter of 1/2 inch can have a tensile strength ranging from 90,000 psi to 120,000 psi.

– Shear strength: the maximum load that a threaded rod can withstand before it shears or snaps at a perpendicular angle to its length. It is typically lower than the tensile strength and can be affected by factors such as the type of threads and the material being fastened.

– Yield strength: the maximum load that a threaded rod can withstand before it undergoes permanent deformation, such as bending or stretching. Yield strength is typically lower than tensile strength and is usually measured in psi or MPa.

– Fatigue strength: the resistance of a threaded rod to failure under cyclic loadings, such as repetitive or fluctuating loads. Fatigue strength can be affected by factors such as material properties, surface finish, and design of the threaded rod.

Types of Threaded Rods

1. Fully threaded rods: These threaded rods have threads along their entire length and are useful when nuts or other threaded components have to be positioned at any point along the rod.

2. Double-end threaded rods: These are fully threaded rods with threads on both ends, which are useful for coupling two parts together.

3. Partially threaded rods: These rods have only a portion of their length threaded and are often used in situations where one end needs to be attached permanently to a surface, while the other end requires a threaded nut for assembly or disassembly.

4. ACME threaded rods: These are threaded rods with trapezoidal-shaped threads used for carrying heavy loads or in applications where a large clamping force is needed. 

5. Stainless steel threaded rods: These rods are made from stainless steel and are used in applications where corrosion resistance is a priority.

6. Threaded studs: These are shorter threaded rods generally used to fasten components directly to a surface. They may have one or two ends threaded and the other non-threaded.

7. All-thread bolts: These are designed to resemble bolts, but they are fully threaded rods with no head and rely on a nut for tightening.

Threaded Rod vs Lead Screw, What Are the Differences?

Threaded rods and lead screws are both types of mechanical components used for linear motion or power transmission, but they differ in their design, functionality, and applications.


A threaded rod is a long cylindrical bar with threads along its length, used to fasten objects together, provide structural support, or transmit power. The threads are usually V-shaped or triangular in profile, similar to those on a bolt or nut, and typically run the full length of the rod. Threaded rods generally have a coarse pitch and are not designed to transmit high-precision motion or maintain tight positional accuracy. They are commonly made from materials such as steel, stainless steel, brass, or aluminum and come in various lengths and diameters. Threaded rods are typically used in construction, manufacturing, and other industries where a low-cost, simple, and reliable method of fastening or support is required.


A lead screw, also known as a power screw, is a rotary-to-linear motion converter that uses helical threads to turn rotational motion into linear motion. Unlike a threaded rod, a lead screw can have a finer pitch, allowing for high-precision motion control or position feedback. Typically, a lead screw is paired with a nut that is designed to accurately match the screw’s threads, creating a precise linear motion system. Lead screws are often used in applications such as CNC machines, 3D printers, linear actuators, and other precision equipment that require accurate linear positioning or motion control.