UNC and UNF Thread Chart PDF (Dimensions, Diameter, Size in MM/INCH)


Here we provide an accurate UNC and UNF Thread Chart PDF for your reference and download, so that you can quickly understand the dimensions (size in mm) and specifications of UNC/UNF threads!

UNC and UNF Thread Chart (Dimensions & Diameter Table in MM)

The Unified Thread Standard (UTS) defines a standard thread form and series – along with allowances, tolerances, and designations – for screw threads commonly used in the United States and Canada. There are two main types of UTS threads: UNC (Unified National Coarse) and UNF (Unified National Fine).

When designing and manufacturing sew thread fittings or threaded fasteners, precision is crucial. Small differences in thread size can lead to huge differences in performance and applications. UNC and UNF Thread Chart in mm and inch, is crafted to serve as a definitive guide for those navigating the nuanced landscape of these two predominant thread standards in the United States and beyond.

Specifications (Dimensions) on UNC/UNF Thread Chart

Here’s a basic outline of the specifications you might find on a UNC/UNF thread chart:

Here’s a general way to calculate some of these values:

A specific thread chart for UNC/UNF would provide exact numbers for these specifications for each thread size. For example, for a 1/4″-20 UNC thread, which has 20 threads per inch:

For precise applications, always refer to an official thread chart or machining handbook, as real-world applications need to account for various factors such as tolerances and thread fit classes.

What is UNC Thread Chart?

The UNC thread chart referenced on the Engineering Toolbox page is a comprehensive table listing the dimensions and specifications for Unified National Coarse (UNC) threads as defined by ANSI/ASME B1.1 standards. The table includes various diameters and threads per inch for the UNC series, providing essential information such as major diameters, tap drill sizes, and pitches in both inches and millimeters.

This chart is a valuable resource for engineers, machinists, and anyone involved in the design and assembly of mechanical components that utilize coarse threaded fasteners. The UNC thread system is one of the most commonly used thread types in the United States for bolts, screws, and other threaded fasteners.

UNC Thread Chart PDF

What is UNF Thread Chart?

The UNF thread chart referenced on the Engineering Toolbox page lists the specifications for Unified National Fine (UNF) threads, which follow the ANSI/ASME B1.1 standards. The UNF series consists of thread specifications with a finer pitch compared to the UNC series, which generally provides a better tension and strength relationship. It includes details such as major diameters, threads per inch, tap drill sizes, and pitch dimensions in both inches and millimeters.

The UNF thread system is widely used across the United States in applications requiring a higher tensile strength or a finer degree of adjustment. It’s particularly common in applications that are subject to higher levels of stress or that require a finer tensioning of the fastener.

UNF Thread Chart PDF

How to Read & Use the UNC/UNF Thread Chart?

Reading both UNC (Unified National Coarse) and UNF (Unified National Fine) thread charts requires understanding the standardized thread specifications for each system. Here’s a guide to interpreting the details in typical UNC and UNF thread charts:

Step-by-Step Guide to Reading UNC/UNF Thread Charts:

This column lists the nominal outside diameter of the screw or bolt. It is typically represented in inches. For numbered screw sizes, the number is followed by a hyphen and the threads per inch. For example, “#1 – 64” means a #1 size screw with 64 threads per inch. For fractional sizes, it is shown as a fraction followed by the thread count, e.g., “1/4″ – 20” means a quarter-inch diameter with 20 threads per inch.

This is the metric equivalent of the major diameter listed in millimeters. It provides a conversion for those who use the metric system.

This indicates the number of threads along a one-inch length of the fastener. A larger number signifies finer threads. For example, a UNF thread will have more threads per inch than a UNC thread of the same diameter.

The recommended diameter of the drill bit to use when preparing a hole for tapping these threads. This size ensures that enough material is left for the tap to cut the intended thread.

The distance from one thread crest to the next, measured in millimeters. It corresponds inversely to the thread count in ‘threads per inch’. A smaller pitch value indicates finer threads.

Example of Using a UNC/UNF Thread Chart:

Here’s an example using the chart to read the specifications for a 1/4″ – 20 UNC thread:

UNC (Coarse):

Here’s an example using the chart to read the specifications for a 1/4″ – 28 UNF thread:

UNF (Fine):

For the UNC version, the 1/4″ bolt will have 20 threads per inch, and you would use a tap drill that is approximately 5.35 mm in diameter. The pitch, or distance between threads, will be about 1.270 mm.

For the UNF version, the same 1/4″ bolt will have a finer thread with 28 threads per inch, requiring a slightly larger tap drill size of 5.50 mm, and the pitch between threads will be finer at 0.907 mm.

When reading these charts, ensure to use the correct row and column for the thread size and series (UNC or UNF) you are working with. The tap drill size indicated is usually the closest standard drill size that will accommodate the thread-forming tap, and it may not always be an exact conversion from the thread’s nominal diameter.